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Daphne Koller Publications

Simultaneous localization and mapping with sparse extended information filters (2004)

by S. Thrun, Y. Liu, D. Koller, A.Y. Ng, Z. Ghahramani, and H. Durrant-Whyte


Abstract: This paper describes a scalable algorithm for the simultaneous mapping and localization (SLAM) problem. SLAM is the problem of acquiring a map of a static environment with a mobile robot. The vast majority of SLAM algorithms are based on the extended Kalman filter (EKF). This paper advocates an algorithm that relies on the dual of the EKF, the extended information filter (EIF). We show that when represented in the information form, map posteriors are dominated by a small number of links that tie together nearby features in the map. This insight is developed into a sparse variant of the EIF, called the sparse extended information filters (SEIF). SEIFs represent maps by graphical networks of features that are locally interconnected, where links represent relative information between pairs of nearby features, as well as information about the robot s pose relative to the map. We show that all essential update equations in SEIFs can be executed in constant time, irrespective of the size of the map. We also provide empirical results obtained for a benchmark data set collected in an outdoor environment, and using a multi-robot mapping simulation.

Download Information

S. Thrun, Y. Liu, D. Koller, A.Y. Ng, Z. Ghahramani, and H. Durrant-Whyte (2004). "Simultaneous localization and mapping with sparse extended information filters." International Journal of Robotics Research, 23(7/8). pdf

Bibtex citation

@article{Thrun+al:04a,
  title = {Simultaneous localization and mapping with sparse extended information filters},
  author = {S. Thrun and Y. Liu and D. Koller and A.Y. Ng and Z. Ghahramani and H. Durrant-Whyte},
  journal = {International Journal of Robotics Research}, 
  year = 2004,
  volume = 23,
  number = {7/8},
}

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