Khiva (2010 and 2012)

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In an empty restaurant along the road across the Uzbek desert from Bukhara to Khiva.


Fortification walls around old Khiva and access gates in this wall.







Views over old Khiva:

- from the roofs of the Kunya-Ark citadel.

View toward the east, with the Mohammed Rakhim Khan madrassah on the left and the Islam Khoja minaret on the right.


View toward the south with the Kalta-minor minaret at the center-left and the Mohammed Amin Khan madrassah on its right.


- from the top of Islam Khoja minaret.

View toward the north, with the minaret of the Juma mosque at the center-left.


View toward the west, with the Pakhlavan Makhmoud mausoleum at the center and the Kalta-minor minaret further behind (at the top-center). The Mohammed Amin Khan madrassah is clearly visible on the left of the Kalta-minor minaret. The Kunya-Ark citadel is on the right of that minaret.


Statue of Al-Khwarizmi, near the Ota-Darvoza gate (third gate shown above), just outside the fortification walls. Al-Khwarizmi (c. 780 - c. 850) is a famous mathematician who made multiple contributions to algebra and arithmetic. His name suggests that he was born near Khiva. The word ′′algorithm′′ stems from his name.



Main street of old Khiva early in the morning.



Other street views.


Old finely crafted doors.


Kunya-Ark citadel:

- Entrance gate.


- Inside the citadel.







Entrance portal of the Mohammed Rahim Khan madrassah.


Entrance portal of the Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassah.


Kalta-minor minaret (29m high and 14.5m in diameter at the base), adjacent to the Mohammed Amin Khan Madrassah. The minaret was intended to be much higher (probably between 70 to 110m). But the ruler of Khiva who wanted it built was killed before completion in 1855 and the construction was stopped.





Dome of the Pakhlavan Makhmoud mausoleum.


Islam Khoja minaret (44m high, 10m in diameter at the base).




Juma (Friday) mosque. This beautiful mosque has no portal, no dome, and no courtyard. It consists of a single hall, the ceiling of which rests on 215 wooden pillars. Only a few pillars are original.



Tash Khovli palace, which combines several buildings and three distinct courtyards.








Allakuli Khan madrasah.


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