Samarkand and Shakhrisabz (2004, 2006, and 2012)

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Modern statues erected near the Registan to remind the tourists that Samarkand in one of the most important cities on the Silk Road.

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Another statue to remind us that Samarkand considers Timur as its hero.

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Gur-e Amir (which translates to ′′Tomb of the King′′) mausoleum. It contains the tombs of Timur, his sons Shah Rukh and Miran Shah, and his grandsons Ulugh Beg and Muhammad Sultan. The ensemble also includes the madrasah of Muhammad Sultan.

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Registan:

 

- Panoramic view of the square and its three madrasahs. From left to right: Ulugh Beg madrasah, Sher-Dor madrasah, and Tilla-Kari madrasah.

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- Ulugh Beg madrasah.

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- Sher-Dor madrasah.

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- Tilla-Kari madrasah.

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Bibi-Khanym Mosque:

 

- View from Khujar Khidr mosque.

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- Mosque′s massive entrance portal (35m high).

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- Central iwan.

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- Side iwan and its dome.

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Shah-i Zinda necropolis:

 

- Ouzbek women entering the necropolis.

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- Entrance of the necropolis seen from the middle layer (the buildings in the necropolis are distributed over 3 levels).

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- Eleven mausoleums stand along a long alley.

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- Portal of the mausoleum of Timur′s niece, Chadi Moulk Aka.

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- Inside a mausoleum.

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- The two photos below illustrate the impact of the recent restoration. They show the same buildings of Shah-i Zinda, but I took the first photo in 2004 (before the restoration) and the second photo in 2012. The differences are striking.

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- View from the modern cemetery adjacent to Shah-i Zinda.

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Khujar Khidr mosque (left) and Ulugh Beg observatory (right). Ulugh Beg (1394-1449) was a grandson of Timur. Under his reign Samarkand became a major center for astronomical study and a huge observatory was built. Only the lower part (two circular rails in polished marble in a trench) of a huge sextant remains today.

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In Shakhrisabz:

 

- Statue of Timur erected in front of the remains of his Ak Saray Palace.

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- Dorut Tilovat madrassah (the building with the two smallest domes in the two photos) and Kok Gumbaz mosque (the building with the largest dome in the photo on the left).

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- Portal, interior, and ceiling of Kok Gumbaz mosque.

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- Jahangir mausoleum.

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